Can I divide this cactus? #595980 - Ask Extension

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Can I divide this cactus? #595980

Asked September 10, 2019, 8:53 PM EDT

Hello! This cactus is my pride and joy! We purchased it 22 years ago with our two small children and took it with us on our move to Ohio and back! I would love to split it(there are 3 stalks) and give one to each of our children. Can you please advise me on how to do this? It stands about 8 feet tall. Thank you for your time, Amy Hartl

Anoka County Minnesota

Expert Response

Thanks for the question.

I enjoyed the picture you sent as your cactus looks virtually identical to one that I have grown for over 15 years.  I believe that it is some type of Euphorbiaceae although this group is extremely diverse.  I see that you have some browning at the base of your plant.  The same is true for the one I have.  This  browning (“corking”) is common at the base as a cactus ages.  Presumably it has no effect upon the overall health of the cactus.

I have asked other Master Gardeners about splitting and the only information that I received was that it depends upon what the root system looks like.  You only way that you will know something about the root system of your cactus is to remove it from its container.  This will be no small feat for an eight-foot cactus!  If each of the three stems has their own root system (which I doubt), then you should be able to divide things.  If so, use a very sharp knife that you sterilize with a 10% bleach solution (1 part of commercial bleach to 9 parts of water).  I would attempt to do this after the soil around the cactus has completely dried.  If it appears that all stems join together at the base (crown) into a single root (more likely), then splitting would not be possible.

I completely understand your desire to share this plant with others.  Perhaps you could experiment with making cuttings?  This would certainly be less disruptive to the plant than dislodging it from the pot.  It might be worth a try.  Here is some information about doing this:

https://www.gardenersworld.com/how-to/grow-plants/how-to-take-cuttings-from-cacti-and-succulents/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7kZuDO2ZkPY

https://succulentplantcare.com/how-to-easily-root-and-propagate-a-cactus/

https://homeguides.sfgate.com/root-cactus-24173.html

Good luck with your project!!

Steve Hedman Replied September 11, 2019, 5:44 PM EDT

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