Asked March 09, 2016, 1:12 PM EST
Cecil County Maryland
Send us photos if mulch is not the issue.
Mulch has never been used. All of the trees were purchased as dwarf(from Stark). I opted to keep them as dwarf trees by keeping the graft above the ground. Could what I'm seeing be the original graft where it connects to the root stock?
I have tried to include a couple of pictures but am, regretfully, not sure of what you'll wind up with.
If you need anything further, please let me know. Thanks
It looks like you have borers within this tree, and there is not much you can do at this point. It will eventually kill the tree.
Depending on how you want to manage your garden in general, with chemicals and without, here is information
Take a look at https://www.extension.purdue.edu/extmedia/id/id-146-w.pdf -excellent pub with spray schedule . Be aware that they list a few materials that we cannot recommend because they are not registered in MD: thiophanate methyl (Cleary’s 3336) and gamma cyhalothrin (pyrethroid). Also, they recommend esfenvalerate, a pyrethroid that is highly toxic to bees and other pollinators and natural enemies. This insecticide should be restricted to before bloom use.
organic disease management for small fruits. Although this is aimed at commercial producers it is excellent and appropriate for backyard growers
Penn State’s Fruit Production for the Home Gardener is excellent. It has rich IPM info- pest descriptions and lifecycles, appearance, best time to control, lists of pesticides, etc. Everything but spray schedules.
Va Tech home fruit spray schedule. Pets and timing are fine. The issue is once again with actual labeled products.
Ohio State’s Disease Management for Organic Apples- aimed at commercial audience but excellent for homeowners.
Solid information on organic pest management in apples.
General small/tree fruit information – no spray schedule